Parent's Guide


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22. Inhalants

The immediate negative effects of inhalants incude nausea, sneezing, coughing, nosebleeds, fatigue, lack of coordination, and loss of appetite. Solvents and aerosol sprays also decrease the heart and respiratory rates or impair judgment. Amyl and butyl nitrite cause rapid pulse, headaches, and involuntary passing of urine and feces. Long-term use may result in hepatitis or brain damage.

Deeply inhaling the vapors, or using large amounts over a short time, may result in disorientation, violent behavior, unconsciousness, or death. High concentrations of inhalants can cause suffocation by displacing the oxygen in the lungs or by depressing the central nervous system to the point that breathing stops.

Long-term use can cause weight loss, fatigue, electrolyte imbalance, and muscle fatigue. Repeated sniffing of concentrated vapors over time can permanently damage the nervous system.

What is it called?
What does it look like?
How is it used?
Nitrous Oxide Laughing gas or Whippets Small 8-gram metal cylinder sold with a balloon or pipe propellant for whipped cream in aerosol spray can Vapors inhaled
Amyl Nitrite Poppers or Snappers Rooms, and Climax Clear yellowish liquid in ampules Vapors inhaled
Butyl Nitrite Rush, Bolt, Bullet, Locker In small bottles Vapors inhaled
Chlorohydrocarbons Aerosol sprays or Cleaning fluids Aerosol paint cans Vapors inhaled
Hydrocarbons Solvents Cans of aerosol propellants, gasoline, glue, paint, thinner Vapors inhaled


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